Shafiq Law Chamber

Criminal Law

  • Felony: A serious criminal offense punishable by imprisonment or death.
  • Misdemeanor: A minor criminal offense that is less serious than a felony.
  • Bail: The temporary release of an accused person from custody, usually on the condition that a sum of money is deposited as security.
  • Arrest: The act of taking a person into custody for the purpose of charging him or her with a crime.
  • Accused: A person who has been charged with a crime.
  • Conviction: A formal declaration by a court that someone is guilty of a criminal offense.

Civil Law

  • Tort: A wrongful act that results in injury or damage to another person.
  • Contract: A legally binding agreement between two or more parties.
  • Damages: A sum of money awarded by a court as compensation for loss or injury.
  • Injunction: A court order that requires someone to do or not do something.
  • Liability: The legal responsibility for one’s actions or debts.
  • Plaintiff: A person who brings a civil action against another person or entity.

Family Law

  • Divorce: The legal dissolution of a marriage.
  • Child Custody: The legal rights and responsibilities of parents for the care of their children.
  • Dower: A Muslim woman’s right to a portion of her husband’s property.
  • Maintenance: Financial support provided by one spouse to the other spouse after separation or divorce.
  • Khula: A form of divorce initiated by a Muslim woman.

Corporate Law

  • Articles of Association: A document that sets out the rules for the internal management of a company.
  • Memorandum of Association: A document that sets out the company’s name, objectives, and legal structure.
  • Director: A person appointed to manage the affairs of a company.
  • Shareholder: A person who owns shares in a company.
  • Proxy: A person authorized to act on behalf of another person, especially in voting at a shareholders' meeting.

Note: These terms are not an exhaustive list and may have slightly different meanings or interpretations depending on the context and legal system.

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